European Emission Standards

European Emission Standards where put in place to improve air quality and health. To check your vehicles Emissions Stage go to Ford Etis and look up your vehicle.

The dates below are the implementation date for new vehicle type approvals. The dates in brackets are the implementation date for all new vehicle registrations, normally one year later, so a car registered between the two dates may meet the corresponding emissions standard and a car registered after the date in brackets will meet it.

CO = Carbon Monoxide

NOx = Oxides of Nitrogen

HC = Hydrocarbons

PM = Particulate matter

 

Euro 1 (EC93)

July 1992 (January 1993)

Euro 1 emission limits

  • CO – 2.72 g/km (petrol and diesel)

  • HC+ NOx – 0.97 g/km (petrol and diesel)

  • PM – 0.14 g/km (diesel only)

 

Euro 2 (EC96)

January 1996 (January 1997)

Euro 2 emission limits (petrol)

  • CO – 2.2 g/km

  • HC+ NOx – 0.5 g/km

  • PM – no limit

Euro 2 emission limits (diesel)

  • CO – 1.0 g/km

  • HC+ NOx – 0.7 g/km

  • PM – 0.08 g/km

Euro 3 (EC2000)

January 2000 (January 2001)

Euro 3 emission limits (petrol)

  • CO – 2.3 g/km

  • HC – 0.20 g/km

  • NOx - 0.15

  • PM – no limit

Euro 3 emission limits (diesel)

  • CO – 0.64 g/km

  • HC+ NOx – 0.56 g/km

  • NOx – 0.50 g/km

  • PM – 0.05 g/km

Euro 4 (EC2005)

January 2005 (January 2006)

Some Euro 4 diesel cars were fitted with particulate filters.

Euro 4 emission limits (petrol)

  • CO – 1.0 g/km

  • HC – 0.10 g/km

  • NOx – 0.08

  • PM – no limit

Euro 4 emission limits (diesel)

  • CO – 0.50 g/km

  • HC+ NOx – 0.30 g/km

  • NOx – 0.25 g/km

  • PM – 0.025 g/km

Euro 5

September 2009 (January 2011)

Euro 5 further tightened the limits on particulate emissions from diesel engines and all diesel cars needed particulate filters to meet the new requirements.

Euro 5 emission limits (petrol)

  • CO – 1.0 g/km

  • HC - 0.10 g/km

  • NOx – 0.06 g/km

  • PM – 0.005 g/km (direct injection only)

Euro 5 emission limits (diesel)

  • CO – 0.50 g/km

  • HC+ NOx – 0.23 g/km

  • NOx – 0.18 g/km

  • PM – 0.005 g/km

  • PM – 6.0x10 ^11/km

Euro 6

September 2014 (September 2015)

The Euro 6 standard imposes a further, significant reduction in NOx emissions from diesel engines (a 67% reduction compared to Euro 5) and establishes similar standards for petrol and diesel.

Euro 6 emission limits (petrol)

  • CO – 1.0 g/km

  • HC – 0.10 g/km

  • NOx – 0.06 g/km

  • PM – 0.005 g/km (direct injection only)

  • PM – 6.0x10 ^11/km (direct injection only)

Euro 6 emission limits (diesel)

  • CO – 0.50 g/km

  • HC+ NOx – 0.17 g/km

  • NOx – 0.08 g/km

  • PM – 0.005 g/km

  • PM – 6.0x10 ^11/km

With EURO 6c valid from 01.09.2018, the method of measuring consumption values ​​will be replaced by the new WLTP test method (formerly NEDC), which provides more realistic test results.

From 01.09.2019, the EURO 6d temperature will apply, to which additional measurements will be made in real driving (RDE - Real Driving Emissions).

From 01.01.2021 EURO 6d will apply, with which the values ​​will be even more tight during real drive operation (RDE - Real Drive Emissions).

The same limits apply to commercial vehicles (N1), but still one year later.

Thanks to the new measurement methods, new measurement results are obtained for all engines, which generally leads to higher CO2 values ​​than with the previous method. These changes concern all manufacturers and will lead to a general increase in CO2 values ​​for new vehicles. The deadline for compliance with the limit values ​​in Switzerland is the date of customs clearance.

Conversion to new measurement methods is time-consuming and some vehicle / engine models will no longer meet the required limit values ​​with the new measurement methods. As a result, some models / engines may be (temporarily) out of production.

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